What can I plant in October? Autumn gardening tips on plants and vegetables to grow now in the UK

You may now spend a little less time in the garden now that summer is over and cooler, wetter conditions have settled in, but that doesn’t mean there isn’t much left to do to keep it colorful and productive.

October is the perfect time to plant an array of vegetables and even some fruit. There are also a number of plants and flowers that benefit from autumn planting.

Here are some of the best options and what you can do to help them be successful.

Plants and flowers

October is a good time to plant Toad lilieswhich form star-shaped, spotted flowers in autumn. They grow to around 80 cm before they die over winter.

You can plant too Tulips and Hyacinths in your flower beds ready for spring. In the Netherlands, most hyacinths are planted in November, and planting tulips at this time can help suppress tulip blight.

Toad lilies do well when planted in October (Photo: Getty)

Gardeners’ World recommends planting Phacelia, Cow parsley, sweet woodruff and Cowslips this month.

Phacelia has purple flowers and is a favorite of the bees. Sow woodruff in raked earth and plant cowslips in a shady spot.


“Sow hardy varieties of peas and broad beans now in sheltered locations for next summer, ”said Guy Barter, Senior Horticultural Advisor for the Royal Horticultural Society I.

He says that the aquadulce broad bean is known to be hardy, but broad beans for spring sowing, if the seeds are left over from summer, usually survive better if sown a little deeper – 7 cm instead of 5 cm.

Garlic recently harvested from a home garden (Photo: Getty)

It’s also a great time to plant garlic and Shallotsas they need a cold spell to produce the best onions by early summer.

sow Chinese leaves B. Pak Choi or Indian mustard, and you can keep your kitchen stocked all autumn and winter.

Lamb’s lettuce also holds up well through winter and it’s not too late to plant feather Cabbage if you sowed anything last month. Garden Organic recommends covering them with a net to prevent pigeon damage.


The Royal Horticultural Society says now is a good time to start planting Potted fruits.

You can grow too Strawberries in October.

Says Mr. Barter, “Bundled bare-root ‘runners’ raised and sold in October and November are the most economical way to buy strawberries.

“Pick the ones that are guaranteed to be problem-free under the crop protection program and plant in fertile, sunny soil. Plant on arrival and soak the roots in water when dry. Plant with the buds at ground level and the roots in a large planting hole, then firmly and water it. “

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